//FIVS Regulatory Principles
FIVS Regulatory Principles2019-07-02T10:57:50+02:00

FIVS Regulatory Principles

Regulatory Principles to Enhance Coherence and to Facilitate Trade in Wine Adopted by FIVS in 2013

In 2013, the members of FIVS endorsed by consensus a set of good regulatory practice principles for wine. It was a ground-breaking piece of work, with the potential to have significant trade-facilitating impacts. After considering these principles, the governments of the World Wine Trade Group (WWTG) endorsed a slightly modified, but similar set in its “Tbilisi Statement” of 2014. Within a few months, members of the FIVS Scientific and Technical Committee, working independently and also in conjunction with participants of the International Wine Technical Summit (IWTS), began producing a series of technical documents related to several of the Principles to illustrate how practical application might occur. Some of these papers have been presented at the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation’s (APEC) Wine Regulatory Forum (WRF) and one of them (on the microbiological safety of wine) has been endorsed by the governments of the WWTG. In addition, to increase familiarity with the concepts involved, the principles were presented at the International Organisation of Vine and Wine’s (OIV) Congress in Argentina in 2014, and three of the implementation papers have been presented at the OIV Scientific Congress over the last few years (see specific links below).

We are happy to report this activity is ongoing. FIVS has already agreed on a second set of principles and some of these are under consideration and gradually being endorsed by several governments. Further technical implementation papers are being produced by the FIVS Scientific and Technical Committee for consideration within the IWTS. Accordingly, we envisage that this tool will be regularly updated and will comprise a more and more significant body of work on the sound regulation of wine from a technical perspective.

Principle #1: Avoid the establishment of limits that stimulate costly and unnecessary analyses.

Principle #2: Harmonize limits where there is no scientific justification for national or regional differences.

  • APEC WRF FIVS-Abridge Access Project

    The APEC WRF comprises government officials and stakeholders from 21 economies in the Pacific Rim region. FIVS-Abridge serves as a repository for the APEC WRF Compendia of Regulations on Export Certification, Food Safety, and Labelling.

  • WWTG FIVS-Abridge Access Project

    FIVS-Abridge also serves as a regulatory repository for the World Wine Trade Group (WWTG), a group of government and industry representatives from nine wine-producing countries.

Principle #3: Give due regard to intergovernmental agreements and work done by other authorities when establishing new regulatory limits.

Principle #4: Adopt a common system of scientific units for expressing regulatory limits.

Principle #5: Express regulatory limits on a “per unit volume of wine” basis rather than “per unit volume of alcohol” in the wine.

Principle #6: Adopt a common way of expressing results where this is done in relation to a single wine constituent (e.g. for Total Acidity expressed in terms of one specific acid).

Principle #7: Consider the establishment of analytical “de minimis” values for substances or classes of substances in wine – values below which they will be deemed to all intents and purposes not to be present in the wine.

  • Introduction by the government of New Zealand within Codex Alimentarius of discussion on the “Threshold of Toxicological Concern” (TTC) approach

Principle #8: Allow suitable transition arrangements when limits are tightened, provided public health considerations so permit, and exempt wine from the requirement to be labelled with an expiration date.

  • Already a WTO requirement, adequate transition arrangements are strongly encouraged by FIVS members

Principle #9: Analyses of wine for compliance purposes should be undertaken by suitably accredited laboratories (or overseen by certified analysts) that perform acceptably for the specific test methods used.

Principle #10: Analytical methods used for wine compliance purposes should be validated and/or have a demonstrably appropriate level of performance for wine.

Principle #11: For wine authenticity analyses, the database of authentic samples with which the test samples will be compared must be sufficiently comprehensive to avoid the miscategorization of legitimate samples as fraudulent.

Principle #12: Laboratories testing for compliance purposes should supply measurement uncertainty information with their analytical results and the competent authorities should take this into account in interpreting analytical data.